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Transformation of Sentences :: Degree of Adjectives : Rules

নিচের ছকটি লক্ষ্য কর :

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
No other যুক্তশেষের noun/pronoun + Verb + Comp. Deg. + than any other/ than all other + no other এর পর থেকে verb এর পূর্ব পর্যন্ত অংশশেষের noun/pronoun + Verb + the + Sup. Deg. + (of all) + no other এর পর থেকে verb এর পূর্ব পর্যন্ত অংশ
Very few/ Few যুক্তশেষের noun/pronoun + Verb + Comp. Deg. + than most other/ than few other + Very few/ Few এর পর থেকে Verb এর পূর্ব পর্যন্ত অংশশেষের noun/pronoun + Verb + one of the + Sup. Deg. + Very few/ Few এর পর থেকে Verb এর পূর্ব পর্যন্ত অংশ
as …….. as যুক্তSub2 + Verb + not + Comp. Deg. + than + Sub1
not so/as …….. as যুক্তless + Comp. Deg. + than
OR,
Sub2 + Verb + Comp. Deg. + than + Sub1

Rule – 1

No other metal is as useful as iron -এরূপ no other যুক্ত Positive degree থেকে Comparative ও Superlative degree তে রূপান্তরের Structure :

Comp.: শেষের noun/pronoun + Verb + Comp. Deg. + than any other/ than all other + no other এর পর থেকে verb এর পূর্ব পর্যন্ত অংশ
Sup.: শেষের noun/pronoun + Verb + Comp. Deg. + than any other/ than all other + no other এর পর থেকে verb এর পূর্ব পর্যন্ত অংশ
Pos.: শেষের noun/pronoun + Verb + Comp. Deg. + than any other/ than all other + no other এর পর থেকে verb এর পূর্ব পর্যন্ত অংশ

Examples:

1.    Pos.:          No other city in Bangladesh is as big as Dhaka.

     Comp.:   Dhaka is bigger than any other city in Bangladesh.

     Sup.:       Dhaka is the biggest city in Bangladesh.

2.    Comp.:  Iron is more useful than any other metal.

      Pos.:       No other metal is as useful as iron.

      Sup.:       Iron is the most useful metal.

3.    Sup.:          Samira is the tallest of all girls in the class.

      Comp.:   Samira is taller than all other girls in the class.

      Pos.:       No other girl in the class is as tall as Samira.

N. B. –    1.  Positive Degree -তে No other -এর পরের Verb -টি Singular হবে।

              2.  Comparative Degree -তে than all other -এর পরের noun টি plural হবে কিন্তু than any other এর পরের noun টি singular হবে।

1.      No other accident was as terrible as that.

2.      Shakespeare is the greatest dramatist.

3.      The cow is more useful than all other domestic animals.

4.      The Arabian Nights is the most popular of all stories.

5.      No other country in the world is as dear to me as Bangladesh.

6.      Student life is the most valuable part of man’s life.

7.      Chittagong is bigger than any other port city in Bangladesh.

8.      Nasima is the best girl in the class.

9.      No other animal living on the land is as large as the elephant.

10.   Akbar is greater than all kings of India.

11.   The rose is the nicest of all flowers.

12.   The humming bird is the smallest bird in the world.

13.   No other man in the village is as wise as Mr. Zaman.

14.   Calcutta is the largest city in West Bengal.

15.   No other masjid is as large as Baitul Mukarram in Dhaka.

16.   Della is better than any other housewives.

Rule – 2

Few/ Very few boys are as good as Zaman -এরূপ Few বা Very few যুক্ত Positive Degree থেকে Comparative ও Superlative Degree তে রূপান্তরের Structure :

Comp.: শেষের noun/pronoun + Verb + Comp. Degree + than most other/ than few other + Few/ Very few এর পর থেকে verb এর পূর্ব পর্যন্ত অংশ
Sup.: শেষের noun/pronoun + Verb + one of the + Sup. Deg. + Few/ Very few এর পর থেকে verb এর পূর্ব পর্যন্ত অংশ
Pos.: Few/ Very few + than most other/ than few other/ Sup. Deg. -এর পরের অংশ + Verb + so/as + Pos. Degree + as + Subject

Examples:

1.    Pos. :         Few metals are as precious as gold.

     Comp. :  Gold is more precious than most other metals.

     Sup. :      Gold is one of the most precious metals.

2.    Comp. : Dhaka is bigger than most other cities in Bangladesh.

      Pos. :       Very few cities in Bangladesh are so big as Dhaka.

      Sup. :      Dhaka is one of the biggest cities in Bangladesh.

3.    Sup. :         Hamlet is one of the most popular dramas.

      Comp. :  Hamlet is more popular than most other dramas.

      Pos. :       Very few dramas are as popular as Hamlet

N.B. –   1. Positive Degree -তে Few/Very few -এর পরের Verb -টি plural হবে।

                2. Superlative Degree -তে one of the -এর পরের noun -টি plural হবে।

              3. Comp. Degree -তে than most other/than few other -এর পরের noun -টি plural হবে।

1.      Very few animals are so cunning as the fox.

2.      Gold is more precious than most other metals.

3.      Akbar is one of the greatest kings of India.

4.      Few historians write as correctly as Joshi.

5.      Canada is colder than most other countries.

6.      The Tajmahal is one of the greatest wonders of the world.

7.      Very few cars are so comfortable as Mercedes.

8.      Sabuj is more intelligent than most other boys.

9.      Rabindra Nath Tagore is one of the greatest poets of the world.

10.   Very few pictures of the world are as great as this.

11.   The rose is lovelier than most other flowers.

12.   America is one of the richest countries in the world.

13.   Few poets and dramatists in the world are as great as Shakespeare.

14.   He is more competent than most other men for the post.

15.   A cobra is one of the most poisonous snakes.

16.   History is one of the easiest subjects

Rule – 3

Karim is as good as Rahim -এরূপ as……..as যুক্ত Positive Degree থেকে Comparative Degree -তে রূপান্তরের Structure :

Comp. : Subject2 + Verb + not + Comparative Degree + than + Subject1

Pos. :      Subject2 + Verb + as + Positive Degree + Subject1

Example :

1.    Pos. :         Karim is as good as Rahim

     Comp. :  Rahim is not better than Karim.

2.    Com. :   A tiger was not braver than the Sher-e-Bangla.

     Pos. :       The Sher-e-Bangla was as brave as a tiger.

Rule – 4

Karim is not as good as Rahim -এর not so/as………as যুক্ত Positive Degree থেকে Comparative Degree -তে রূপান্তরের Structure:

Comp. :  not as/so -এর জায়গায় less বসাতে হবে এবং দ্বিতীয় as এর জায়গায় than বসাতে হবে।

                অথবা, Subject2 + Verb + Comparative Degree + than + Subject1

Pos. :      (less যুক্ত হলে) less -এর জায়গায় not as/so এবং than এর জায়গায় as বসবে।

                অথবা, (less যুক্ত না হলে) Object + Verb + not + as + Positive Degree + as + Subject.

Example :

1.    Pos. :         Karim is not as good as Rahim.

     Comp. :  Karim is less good than Rahim.

     Or, :        Rahim is better than Karim.

2.    Comp. : Mita is clever than Ruma

     Pos. :       Ruma is not as clever as Mita.

N. B. –   Rule-3 ও Rule-4 ভালোভাবে লক্ষ্য করলে দেখবে Positive Degree affirmative হলে, Comparative Degree negative হবে এবং Positive Degree negative হলে, Comparative Degree affirmative হবে।

1. Your book is not as fine as mine.

2. Sabina is more beautiful than Mina.

3. I am as strong as he.

4. Karim is not better than Kamal.

5. A lion is as ferocious as a tiger.

6. The pen is mightier than the sword.

7. This razor is not as sharp as that one.

8. You are older than I.

9. He is as obedient to me as to you.

10.   Dina is wiser than Rina.

11.   A bird cannot fly as fast as an aeroplane.

12.   Sagar is more attentive than Matin.

13.   Mangoes are not so cheap as Jack fruits.

14.   The box is heavier than that.

15.   This sum is as strong as that.

16.   Abdul is less intelligent than Rahim.

17.   Karim is as clever as Rahim.

18.   Apu is not taller than Tapu.

19.   You are as wise as I.

20.   This pen writes better than yours.

21.   Zaman has not so much money as Kamal.

22.   Karim has more money than his brother.

23.   The man is as cunning as a fox.

24.   He is not more intimate to you than to me.

25.   A dead lion is not so strong as a live ass.26.   You are not as good as I.

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